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Regulation of developmental intercellular signalling by intracellular trafficking

Ben‐Zion Shilo, Eyal D Schejter

Author Affiliations

  1. Ben‐Zion Shilo*,1 and
  2. Eyal D Schejter1
  1. 1 Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
  1. *Corresponding author. Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel. Tel.: +972 8 9343169; Fax: +972 8 9344108; E-mail: benny.shilo{at}weizmann.ac.il
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Abstract

Universal trafficking components within the cell can be recruited to coordinate and regulate the developmental signalling cascades. We will present ways in which the intracellular trafficking machinery is used to affect and modulate the outcome of signal transduction in developmental contexts, thus regulating multicellular development. Each of the signalling components must reach its proper intracellular destination, in a form that is properly folded and modified. In many instances, the ability to bring components together or segregate them into distinct compartments within the cell actually provides the switch mechanism to turn developmental signalling pathways on or off. The review will begin with a focus on the signal‐sending cells, and the ways in which ligand trafficking can impinge on the signalling outcome, via processing, endocytosis and recycling. We will then turn to the signal‐receiving cell, and discuss mechanisms by which endocytosis can affect the spatial features of the signal, and the compartmentalization of components downstream to the receptor.

  • Received May 9, 2011.
  • Accepted July 1, 2011.
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