A novel regulator of G protein signalling in yeast, Rgs2, downregulates glucose‐activation of the cAMP pathway through direct inhibition of Gpa2

Matthias Versele, Johannes H. de Winde, Johan M. Thevelein

Author Affiliations

  1. Matthias Versele1,
  2. Johannes H. de Winde1 and
  3. Johan M. Thevelein*,1
  1. 1 Laboratorium voor Moleculaire Celbiologie, Instituut voor Plantkunde en Microbiologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kardinaal Mercierlaan 92, B‐3001, Leuven‐Heverlee, Flanders, Belgium
  1. *Corresponding author. E-mail: johan.thevelein{at}
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We have characterized a novel member of the recently identified family of regulators of heterotrimeric G protein signalling (RGS) in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The YOR107w/RGS2 gene was isolated as a multi‐copy suppressor of glucose‐induced loss of heat resistance in stationary phase cells. The N–terminal half of the Rgs2 protein consists of a typical RGS domain. Deletion and overexpression of Rgs2, respectively, enhances and reduces glucose‐induced accumulation of cAMP. Overexpression of RGS2 generates phenotypes consistent with low activity of cAMP‐dependent protein kinase A (PKA), such as enhanced accumulation of trehalose and glycogen, enhanced heat resistance and elevated expression of STRE‐controlled genes. Deletion of RGS2 causes opposite phenotypes. We demonstrate that Rgs2 functions as a negative regulator of glucose‐induced cAMP signalling through direct GTPase activation of the Gs‐α protein Gpa2. Rgs2 and Gpa2 constitute the second cognate RGS–G‐α protein pair identified in yeast, in addition to the mating pheromone pathway regulators Sst2 and Gpa1. Moreover, Rgs2 and Sst2 exert specific, non‐overlapping functions, and deletion mutants in Rgs2 and Sst2 are complemented to some extent by different mammalian RGS proteins.

  • Received July 19, 1999.
  • Revision received August 31, 1999.
  • Accepted August 31, 1999.
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